TOTAL PHYSICAL RESPONSE: THEORETICAL FRAMEWORKS AND GENERAL PRINCIPLES
The focus of this paper is one of the methods of foreign language learning called Total Physical Response, which falls in line with neurolinguistic principles and naturalness of language acquisition. In the paper we identify the neurolinguistic background on which this method of foreign language instruction rests, namely we discuss how the acquisition of the mother tongue is mirrored in Total Physical Response – the teacher uses imperatives and body movements, which students then imitate, just like children observe their parents speaking and doing things. Furthermore, we discuss the role of left and right hemispheres of the brain in Total Physical Response and how this method develops and emphasizes the creative, physical side of language acquisition thus avoiding simultaneous reception and production. In addition, we also try to present some of the principles that teachers rely on in the teaching process and types of the TPR method in the classroom, depending on the materials used. Finally, we attempt to identify certain drawbacks of this method, which essentially present its limitations.