AKTIVNOSTI PREDŠKOLSKOG DETETA NA KOMPJUTERIMA I MOBILNIM UREĐAJIMA

  • Branka Janković Visoka škola strukovnih studija za obrazovanje vaspitača, Novi Sad
  • Milan Nikolić Tehnički fakultet “Mihajlo Pupin”, Univerzitet u Novom Sadu
  • Jelena Vukonjanski Tehnički fakultet “Mihajlo Pupin”, Univerzitet u Novom Sadu
  • Edit Terek Tehnički fakultet “Mihajlo Pupin”, Univerzitet u Novom Sadu
Кључне речи: predškolsko dete, mobilni uređaji, kompjuter, tablet, smart telefon

Сажетак

U radu se bavimo odnosom dece predškolskog uzrasta (iz njihovog ugla) pre- ma kompjuterima i mobilnim uređajima (tabletima i smart telefonima) kao i njihovim aktivnostima na ovim uređajima. Istraživanje je sprovedeno anketiranjem dece 4-6 godina, u predškolskim ustanovama u Srbiji. Sakupljeno je N = 360 popunjenih upit- nika. Cilj istraživanja je da se utvrdi u koje svrhe deca predškolskog uzrasta koriste kompjutere i mobilne uređaje, i da li ih koriste za zabavu ili u edukativne svrhe. Od- govori dece analiziraju se iz ugla koliko roditelji ograničavaju vreme svojoj deci na ovim uređajima i da li ih uključuju u aktivnosti van kuće. Rezultati istraživanja govore da, iako veliki procenat roditelja ograničava deci vreme provedeno na kompjuterima i mobilnim uređajima i omogućuje svojoj deci aktivnosti van kuće, deca ne koriste ade- kvatne sadržaje na kompjuteru i mobilnim uređajima. Najomiljenije aktivnosti dece na kompjuteru i mobilnim uređajima su igranje igrica, gledanje crtanih filmova i sluša- nje muzike što je posledica činjenice da deca ove uređaje pre svega doživljavaju kao igračku. Vrlo malo dece koristi kompjuter i mobilne uređaje za učenje. Na kraju, date su praktične preporuke roditeljima.

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24. 09. 2019.
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