PREDIKTORI SOCIJALNE PARTICIPACIJE KOD DECE SA CEREBRALNOM PARALIZOM U OSNOVNIM ŠKOLAMA U REPUBLICI SRBIJI

  • Marija Zulić Pedagoški fakultet, Karlov univerzitet, Prag, Češka republika
  • Nina Brkić- Jovanović Medicinski fakultet, Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Novi Sad, Srbija
  • Vanda Hájková Medicinski fakultet, Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Novi Sad, Srbija
Кључне речи: cerebralna paraliza, GMFCS, MACS, socijalna participacija, SFA

Сажетак

Pojam socijalna participacija predstavlja kvalitet interakcije između individue i njenog okruženja. Danas se uspešno participovanom osobom smatra pojedinac koji je aktivno uključen u život zajednice a ne osoba koja samo može ili želi da se uključi u aktivnosti sredine u kojoj živi. Cerebralna paraliza (CP) podrazumeva pre svega poremećaj razvoja pokreta i posture sa čestim dodatnim simptomima kao što su senzorna, intelektualna, govorna, druga neurološka oštećenja, psihološke i emocionalne smetnje. S obzirom na činjenicu da je ustanovljeno da je kvalitet participacije učenika sa CP u školskom okruženju veoma važan indikator njihove uspešne društvene participacije u budućnosti, smatramo da je dublje razumevanje faktora koji utiču na njihovu društvenu uključenost tokom osnovnoškolskog obrazovanja od velikog značaja za unapređenje kvaliteta njihovog života.

            Glavni cilj ovog rada je da identifikuje faktore koji unapred mogu da determinišu kvalitet socijalne participacije učenika sa CP u osnovnim školama u Srbiji. Studija obuhvata 75 dece sa CP između 6 i 12 godina koja pohađaju osnovne škole od prvog do šestog razreda u četiri oblasti Republike Srbije. Glavni upitnik korišćen u ovom istraživanju je prvi i treći deo upitnika The School function assessment (prev. Procena školskog funkcionisanja). Takođe su uzete u obzir i vrednosti grubih motoričkih funkcija (izmerene pomoću GMFCS - Gross motor function classification system (prev. Sistem klasifikacije grubih motoričkih funkcija) i manipulativne spretnosti (izmerene MACS skalom – Manual ability classification system (prev. Sistem klasifikacije manuelnih sposobnosti)) za svakog pojedinačnog učenika.

            Rezultati pokazuju detaljan uvid u nivo socijalne participacije učenika sa CP u osnovnim školama u Srbiji i objašnjavaju potencijalne faktore koji mogu da utiču na njihovu socijalnu participaciju: nivo grubih motornih funkcija, manipulativna spretnost, kognitivni status i uzrast učenika.

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